Sociopolitical drivers and barriers to development and adoption of biogas in Mokambo peri-urban in Mufulira, Zambia: How does local government fail to provide renewable energy?
Biogas has been acknowledged as one of the most important aspects for sustainable development. It is a renewable energy technology being promoted especially in developing countries for poverty reduction and climate change action. Despite concerted efforts to alleviate poverty, production and adoption of biogas remains very low in Zambia, and they prompt some questions: How do institutional, situational, infrastructural and dispositional barriers affect the production and adoption of biogas? How does the local government fail to provide renewable energy?
In search of answers, this study focuses on Mokambo peri-urban area in Mufulira district. The transformations to sustainability, transition arena, and adaption and mitigation theories have been employed as theoretical framework. The driving factors of biogas production include the protection of environment and climate change mitigation, poverty reduction, and agricultural production. The findings show that the sociopolitical barriers to the production and adoption of biogas include inadequate policies and strategies on modern energy, lack of community awareness on Renewable Energy Technologies (RET). Others are lack of titled land, intersectional inequality and resistance to change. Further, findings reveal that the local government does not provide any alternative sources of energy in the peri-urban area due to lack of funds, staff capacity and expertise. This paper concludes with recommendations and possible future research on biogas technology.