Peer learning in partnerships – toolbox

The objective of peer-learning in ICLD networks (including team visits) and partnerships is the transfer of knowledge, skills and experience from one local government to another, and vice versa, mainly through international visits. These visits are at the heart of your partnership, and network, and should be well planned and contain elements that encourage peer learning, friendly benchmarking to inspire change, or other forms of peer support such as mentoring, site/study visits, peer visits, peer assessments and work shadowing.

Publication Type
Toolbox
Project Area
Inclusive leadership and governance
Tags
municipal partnership, networks, peer learning,

Mobilising Assets to Improve Participatory Planning in Local Governance in South Africa

This learning case aims to guide the reader to:

  • Reflect on the rights, responsibilities, and relationships of local communities (citizens) and municipalities in a context governed by strong policies for public participation yet ineffective practices to engage communities in planning and service delivery;
  • Identify gaps and potential solutions to improve the quality of participation in public planning through the Integrated Development Planning process;
  • Consider the value of asset-based and community-driven development (ABCD) from the perspective of local governance and public participation; and,
  • Propose avenues for strengthening mutual accountability (and the social contract) between local municipalities and communities through the ABCD-informed Community Scorecard (CSC).

Publication Type
Learning Cases
Topic
Participatory democracy, citizen dialogues and budgeting
Tags
Community Scorecards, Learning case, South Africa,

Community-based Participatory Research (CBPR)

This toolbox outlines three methods for co-creating solutions for climate action and sustainable development: photovoice, community asset mapping and participatory video. It is especially relevant to bridge the gap between policy, academia and communities.

This toolbox was developed in connection with the Autumn School in CBPR, organized for researchers and local government officials from Tanzania, Kenya and Sweden in Dar es Salaam in 2022, by the authors of this toolbox.

Publication Type
Toolbox
Project Area
Culture, leisure, sport and/or tourism
Sustainable Development Goals
17 - Partnerships for the goals
Tags
Action research, CBPR, co-creation, participation, Participatory methods,

Citizen Report Cards (CRC) on Local Democracy

This toolbox provides essential guidance for supervisors of data collection teams who collaborate with the ICLD to conduct a Citizen Report Card (CRC)-survey for ICLD-projects. The instructions will help you to self-sufficiently prepare for and conduct the survey, please read the toolbox carefully and contact ICLD with any further questions.

Publication Type
Toolbox
Topic
Participatory democracy, citizen dialogues and budgeting
Tags
citizen report card, crc,

Let’s get together and make change: Towards a Child-Focused Cities Analytical Framework

Children live in cities and local communities, implying that they have proximity to the local government rather than the national government. The interaction of children with their governments happens at the local level. And, children experience the realisation of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in the local sphere of government. Yet, children are relegated to the margins of local governance and implementation of SDGs and are not given the space and voice to shape how their cities should be or look like. In this project, we investigated through literature review and case studies in ICLD partnering municipalities (Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe and Livingstone, Zambia) to gain critical insights and a context-based understanding to local governments to enhance informed and child-focused decision-making around local governance and SDGs implementation.

Note: This publication is the result of a Local Democracy Lab and the Local Democracy Academy, both held in 2022. The study was conducted with an Impact research grant: small-scale, action-oriented projects conducted in close collaboration with local governments.

Publication Type
Working Papers
Project Area
Culture, leisure, sport and/or tourismEducationUrban planning
Sustainable Development Goals
17 - Partnerships for the goals
Topic
Child rights and youth participation
Tags
Agenda2023, child rights, Child-focused cities, child-friendly cities, transdisciplinary, Urban planning, youth inclusion,

Voluntary Local Review – Kibaha Town Council, Tanzania

This Voluntary Local Review (VLR) aims at understanding how well the SDGs have been localized and implemented in Kibaha Town Council (KTC), Tanzania. The process employed Community Based Participatory Research (CBPR) to represent local voices in a participatory and inclusive manner. The results show that localization of SDGs has helped the government and citizens to foster their cooperation in solving challenges encountered during implementation of SDGs. Citizens of KTC help the council in implementing SDGs through mobilizing local resources, capacity building; local monitoring, and participating in grassroots initiatives on SDG-related activities. Localization of SDGs was constrained by challenges such as financial limitation and lack of meaningful participation from key stakeholders. The review concludes by emphasizing the importance local monitoring of SDGs in promoting the co-production of knowledge through citizen’s participation in decision-making.

Publication Type
Working Papers
Project Area
Inclusive leadership and governance
Sustainable Development Goals
10 - Reduced inequalities11 - Sustainable cities and communities16 - Peace, justice and strong institutions17 - Partnerships for the goals5 - Gender equality
Topic
Participatory democracy, citizen dialogues and budgeting
International partner
Kibaha Town Council
Tags
Agenda2023, CBPR, CBPR, LocalisingSDGs, VLR, VLR,

Voluntary Local Review – Emboreet village, Manyara, Tanzania

The United Nations Agenda 2030 contains 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) with 169 targets to address global social, environmental, and economic challenges by 2030, of which many must be implemented at the local level. Voluntary Local Reviews (VLR) have gained prominence as a means for local and regional governments to assess SDG progress and remaining challenges. Citizen and community engagement in SDG implementation have been recognized as instrumental in achieving the goals and targets. This report presents the findings of a Voluntary Local Review conducted in Emboreet village, Tanzania. The objective was to assess the localization of Agenda 2030, explore the involvement of citizens and other social actors in SDG implementation, and understand their perceptions of the efforts made in achieving the SDGs. The research employed a Community Participatory Action Research methodology to ensure active community participation and collaboration. It reviews thirteen SDGs as a combination of those adapted by the Emboreet village from the Tanzania Vision 2025 and priorities of community stakeholders.

Publication Type
Working Papers
Project Area
Inclusive leadership and governance
Sustainable Development Goals
1 - No poverty10 - Reduced inequalities11 - Sustainable cities and communities13 - Climate action16 - Peace, justice and strong institutions17 - Partnerships for the goals2 - Zero hunger3 - Good health and well-being4 - Quality education5 - Gender equality6 - Clean water and sanitation7 - Affordable and clean energy9 - Industry, innovation and infrastructure
Topic
Participatory democracy, citizen dialogues and budgeting
International partner
Emboreet, Simanjiro
Tags
Agenda2030, CBPR, SDGs, VLR, Voluntary Local Review,

Voluntary Local Review – City of Bijeljina, Bosnia and Herzegovina

This report looks into the localisation of SDGs in the City of Bijeljina, which is an SDG pioneer in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It reviews three SDGs – SDG5 (gender equality), SDG10 (inclusion), and SDG17 (partnerships towards goals) – through the lens of Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) which is based on an immersion of researchers into the communities to seek active involvement of participants. The City of Bijeljina being a very heterogeneous community, this research has sought to address asymmetries in each of the three prioritised SDGs by looking into the institutional mechanisms for localisation of SDGs, specifically mechanisms and approaches for engagement of civil society, citizens and local communities in that process. It identifies some level of citizen engagement in setting priorities, marking the planning stage of the localization of SDG as participatory. However, the implementation and monitoring of results still lacks strong community ownership, as integration of SDGs into local processes still rests with the formal structures of the City administration. As such, the report concludes that the City of Bijeljina has been very successful in the initial stages of localisation of SDGs through systematic engagement of civil society in different aspects of designing and implementing the local Development Strategy, but recommends the City to enable and promote participatory monitoring that would more closely reflect citizens’ views on the process of localising SDGs.

Note: This is one of three Voluntary Local Reviews, developed using participatory methods, supported by ICLD in 2023. Lessons learned from this experimental approach to VLRs – how it builds democratic capacity and how it can get even better – are gathered in a forthcoming research report. Stay tuned!

Publication Type
Working Papers
Project Area
Inclusive leadership and governanceLocal economic development, innovation and livelihoods
Sustainable Development Goals
10 - Reduced inequalities17 - Partnerships for the goals5 - Gender equality
Topic
Participatory democracy, citizen dialogues and budgeting
Tags
Agenda2030, Localising SDGs, SDG, VLR,

About ICLD

Info folder about the Swedish International Centre for Democracy, ICLD

Publication Type
Other ICLD publications

The Plastic Bag Ban in Kenya: A study on consumer perceptions and attitudes following the plastic bag ban in Nairobi, Kenya

In 2017, Kenya’s government banned plastic bags, to reduce plastic waste and protect the environment. Today Kenya has one of the strictest plastic bag bans in the world.

This study examines the perception of the plastic bag ban by different income classes in Nairobi, as well as what factors influence people’s support for the plastic bag ban in Nairobi.

The result indicates that the majority of respondents expressed strong support for the plastic bag ban, citing environmental concerns and the need for sustainable practices. However, a small segment of the population remained skeptical about the effectiveness and feasibility of the ban. The opinions of respondents that the ban was not strict enough is an indicator that the government still needs to do more and work towards a better environment. Factors such as age and education level emerged as influential factors in shaping individuals’ perceptions. However, the relationship was not enough to influence opinion on supporting the ban.

Consumer behaviors and awareness about environmental factors were mainly significant in influencing the opinions of residents in supporting the ban. This suggests that people that have reduced their plastic bag usage and are environmentally conscious, are more likely to support the plastic bag ban.

In conclusion, the findings from this study contribute to the public’s opinion on this strict plastic bag ban, in Kenya. The results emphasize the importance of promoting awareness and education to ensure the successful implementation and acceptance of the plastic bag ban. These findings can inform policymakers, environmental organizations, and other stakeholders in designing effective strategies to address plastic waste and promote sustainable practices.

Publication Type
Master Thesis
Project Area
Environment/Climate change
Sustainable Development Goals
12 - Responsible consumption and production13 - Climate action
Tags
behavioral change, fieldwork grant, Kenya, plastic bag ban,