Samarbetsland: South Africa

Mobilising Assets to Improve Participatory Planning in Local Governance in South Africa

This learning case aims to guide the reader to:

  • Reflect on the rights, responsibilities, and relationships of local communities (citizens) and municipalities in a context governed by strong policies for public participation yet ineffective practices to engage communities in planning and service delivery;
  • Identify gaps and potential solutions to improve the quality of participation in public planning through the Integrated Development Planning process;
  • Consider the value of asset-based and community-driven development (ABCD) from the perspective of local governance and public participation; and,
  • Propose avenues for strengthening mutual accountability (and the social contract) between local municipalities and communities through the ABCD-informed Community Scorecard (CSC).

Typ av publikation
Learning Cases
Tema
Participatory democracy, citizen dialogues and budgeting
Etiketter
Community Scorecards, Learning case, South Africa,

Karlskrona and Saldanha Bay, South Africa

In their inception phase, Karlskrona and Saldanha Bay Municipality are set to explore a potential project aimed at fostering a platform for exchanging insights and practices. The goal is to enhance the involvement of young individuals in local democratic processes, specifically by enabling their engagement and inclusion in climate-conscious endeavor, while also being a part of the ICLD Climate Action network

Projektområde
Environment/Climate change
Globala mål
13 - Bekämpa klimatförändringarna
Svensk partner
Karlskrona kommun
Internationell partner
Saldanha Bay Local municipality

Växjö and JB Marks, South Africa

Projekt: Efficient and Responsive Traffic Planning  

The new project focuses on the promotion of road safety by increasing the mobility for children, minorities, underrepresented groups, and the socety as a whole. The project streaches over three years and is based on the SDG no 11. Sustainable cities and communities.  

The aim with the partnership and the project on effective and responsive traffic planning is to twofold. One is to increase the municipalities capacities in planning and implementing policies relating to urban planning and road safety. The other objective is to increase the municipalities organisational capacity in transparency and finding new methods in acquiring and sharing information with the citizens. By increasing these capacities, the municipality will enhance their ability to work with the participation of minority group and will increase their voices and perspective in relation to urban planning.  

Women, children, and families from low-income families are the main target groups of the project. In a preparatory phase these stakeholders have been identified because the traffic planning and transportation planning are lacking the perspectives of children and women movement in the public sphere. By addressing the promotion of road safety from their perspectives it will also benefit the society as a whole.  

Projektområde
Urban planning
Globala mål
11 - Hållbara städer och samhällen17 - Genomförande och globalt partnerskap
Tema
Participatory democracy, citizen dialogues and budgeting
Svensk partner
Växjö Kommun
Internationell partner
JB Marks Local Municipality

Towards Inclusive WASH Policy-Making: A case study of exploring barriers to adopting gender responsive budgeting (GRB) in the water and sanitation sector in Cape Town

This study investigates different potential barriers to adopting a Gender Responsive Budgeting (GRB) approach that aims to address gender inequalities in the WASH sector. The study explores the perspectives of civil servants, local politicians, and civil society representatives through semi-structured interviews, shedding light on the challenges faced in intensifying gender equality perspectives at the local government level in Cape Town, South Africa. Specifically, the study highlights the impact of lack of transparency, limited multistakeholder cooperation, and restricted gender equality awareness as key obstacles.

Drawing on Feminist Democratic Theory (FDT), and Postcolonial Feminism, the study reveals that these challenges affect the entire policy cycle. Notably, the research uncovers new complexities in relation to transparency, multistakeholder cooperation, and gender equality awareness across the input, throughput, and output stages of the policy process. While previous GRB research has predominantly focused on theoretical aspects and the policy process’s output stage, this study delves into the input and throughput stages as well.

By examining these stages, the study exposes underlying norms related to gender, race, and socioeconomic status as well as structures related to culture and history, thereby adding layers of complexity to the identified challenges. By comprehending and analyzing these underlying structures and norms, policymakers, politicians, and civil society can effectively confront the barriers, thus increasing the prospects for adopting an inclusive GRB approach.

Typ av publikation
Master Thesis
Projektområde
Inclusive leadership and governance
Globala mål
5 - Jämställdhet6 - Rent vatten och sanitet för alla
Tema
Gender Equality
Etiketter
fieldwork grant, Gender equality, gender responsive budgeting, South Africa, water and sanitation,

Bridging the Accountability Gap: Applying assed-based and citizen-led development in Emfuleni, South Africa

This research project aims to gain an understanding of how to institutionalise the Asset-Based and Citizen-Led Development (ABCD) approach as an innovative means of promoting active citizen engagement along with local-level social accountability in Emfuleni Local Municipality, Gauteng Province in South Africa. Building on Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs (CoGTA)’s work in three wards of Emfuleni, the research tested the assumption that an ABCD approach offers a structural and transformative process by fostering a more participatory, inclusive, responsive, and equitable local government planning process. Four research methods were applied at various stages of the research project, namely: WhatsApp group discussions; ABCD orientation workshops; multi-stakeholder dialogues and the Community Scorecard (CSC) method.

Despite many challenges posed by the Covid-19 pandemic and lack of full commitment of some officials, it is evident that an ABCD approach can bridge the public participation divide between citizens and the local government to improve service delivery in Emfuleni. To reach government with a more direct engagement strategy, the research team introduced an ABCD-informed Community Scorecard (CSC) method to create a space for constructive dialogue, engagement, and accountability between Emfuleni communities and local municipal officials around the quality of participation in the Integrated Development Planning (IDP) processes. A joint action plan and a nominated steering team consisting of local citizens and Emfuleni Local Municipality officials were established to monitor and push for the implementation of the process.

Typ av publikation
Research Reports
Projektområde
Inclusive leadership and governanceLocal economic development, innovation and livelihoods
Globala mål
11 - Hållbara städer och samhällen16 - Fredliga och inkluderande samhällen
Tema
Participatory democracy, citizen dialogues and budgeting
Etiketter
Accountability, Citizen participation, Citizen Scorecards, South Africa,

Community Scorecard: Promoting Participation and Accountability in Local Government using the ABCD approach

This policy brief explores how an Asset-Based and Citizen-Led Development (ABCD) approach can address low levels of public participation in Integrated Development Planning in Emfuleni, South Africa. While earlier findings show that the ABCD approach appears to activate a sense of responsibility and civic duty among citizens, there continued to be low levels of responsiveness among local government officials. To address this gap, the Community Scorecard was introduced and adopted in accordance with ABCD principles as a tool for direct dialogue and social accountability. Results from using this tool have informed recommendations for targeted capacity building, policy and legislative reviews, and a technical and financial support model to incentivize citizen-led solutions.

Typ av publikation
Policy Briefs
Projektområde
Inclusive leadership and governance
Tema
Participatory democracy, citizen dialogues and budgeting
Etiketter
Accountability, Citizen participation, Community Outreach, South Africa,

Växjö and JB Marks, South Africa

Project: Local Coalition Work for Improved Governance

The proposed three-year project is a part of the formal partnership between Växjö Municipality and JB Marks Municipality. The overall goal is to improve and strengthen political structures, coalition work and political leadership in order to thereby strengthen democracy and structures for good governance on the municipal level. This goal will be achieved by creating new guidelines, training for politicians and studying techniques for conflict management. The project activities include workshops, case studies, study visits, exchanging good examples and involving external expertise. Both municipalities see great potential in this new initiative that involves multiple political parties from both municipalities, which will thus benefit greatly from participation in the joint activities over the next three years. The project also has a strong connection to goal 17 in the sustainable development goals, which contains global solidarity, capacity development and exchange of knowledge.

Projektområde
Inclusive leadership and governance
Globala mål
16 - Fredliga och inkluderande samhällen
Svensk partner
Växjö Kommun
Internationell partner
JB Marks Local Municipality

Älmhult, Växjö and JB Marks, South Africa

Project: Partnership to fight gender-based violence

Forthcoming project application pertains to the current partnership between Municipality of Älmhult and City of Växjö and JB Marks Local Municipality. The proposal stretches over three years (2023-2025) and consists of 15 activities in total. This involves a wide group of stakeholders, such as multiple municipal departments, regional organisations and parts of the judicial system.

The project intends to establish an effective and municipality-specific collaboration form for support regarding gender-based violence. The collaboration form, which includes both internal and external stakeholders, intends to strengthen the multi-disciplinary work in the area. Thus, municipal organisations can minimise the number of contacts for the survivor, whilst simultaneously provide holistic support for women, but also children. The process consists of establishment, pilot-tests, evaluation and adoption of a collaboration form which accounts for improved competence and resource distribution based on the survivor’s needs.

The project’s results and successes will by 2025 relate to three different levels: (a) municipal/provincial level: strengthened capacity and knowledge regarding treatment of survivors of gender-based violence; (b) individual level: survivors are able to create sustainable alternatives to their circumstances through integrated support; and (c) societal level: strengthened democracy and social inclusion as signs of insecurity, health issues and poverty are reduced.

Projektområde
Inclusive leadership and governanceSocial care and wellbeing
Globala mål
5 - Jämställdhet
Tema
Gender EqualityHuman Rights
Svensk partner
Växjö KommunÄlmhults kommun
Internationell partner
JB Marks Local Municipality

Cape Town’s Quest for Accessible Transportation

Key concepts: Spatial Inequality, Social Inclusion, Disability Rights

As in many countries in the world, people with disabilities in South Africa face a number of social, attitudinal, structural and infrastructure barriers that inhibit their full participation in society. Accessible transportation can be one way to overcome some of these barriers and allow for access to education, employment, services, and social opportunities, particularly in sprawling and spatially segregated cities like Cape Town. Cape Town City Council developed a bus rapid transit system called MyCiTi and a Universal Access Policy (UAP) putting forth ambitious goals for accessibility, but transportation accessibility did not extend meaningfully beyond the new bus system and there continued to be gaps between policy and practice.

The case is one where a municipal government sought to take action and leadership on a human rights issue and chose to ‘aim high’ with an ambitious policy to meet international and domestic human rights commitments and redress inequality. It also, however, highlights potential gaps between these commitments and the resources available to municipalities. Is it appropriate to set goals that seem unreachable, or should policy objectives in this area be aspirational?

Learning objectives:

  • Examine city councils’ role in disability-related issues including access to transportation and public spaces
  • Consider the experiences of people with different types of disabilities who navigate transportation in urban settings
  • Understand South Africa’s obligations towards people with disabilities
  • Consider how cities like Cape Town might meet obligations that require significant resources
  • Consider what forms of consultation and monitoring are necessary for an effective, accessible transportation system

Typ av publikation
Learning Cases
Projektområde
Inclusive leadership and governance
Globala mål
10 - Minskad ojämlikhet11 - Hållbara städer och samhällen
Tema
Human Rights
Etiketter
accessibility, disability rights, social inclusion, spacial inequiality, transportation,

Securing the Right to Housing and Services in eThekwini’s Informal Settlements

Key Concepts: Spatial Inequality, Right to Housing

Like other major cities in South Africa, Durban’s eThekwini Metropolitan Municipality faces a growing population fuelled by migration from both rural areas and neighbouring countries. Many new residents find shelter in informal settlements which are, although real communities, often overcrowded and unsafe, lacking critical infrastructure. The municipality’s Human Settlements Unit endeavoured to create a “quality living environment” by new costructions, but after a while changed their strategy to implement an “incremental informal settlements upgrading” program.

The case is one of a municipality responsible for addressing an ongoing and growing problem that is beyond their financial and infrastructure capacity. It encourages discussions based on the concepts of spatial inequality (particularly apartheid’s legacy), and the legal codification of the right to housing. Combined, these present a conundrum: there is a legal duty to provide housing and services, this duty is tied to a history of inequality, and this duty falls primarily on municipalities, including municipalities like eThekwini who struggle to locate the resources to meet these duties.

Primary learning objectives:

• Examine municipalities’ role in providing housing
• Identify the human rights that are connected to housing
• Consider the needs and experiences of people living in informal settlements
• Consider what consultation is necessary to develop an effective housing plan

Typ av publikation
Learning Cases
Projektområde
Inclusive leadership and governanceSocial care and wellbeing
Globala mål
10 - Minskad ojämlikhet11 - Hållbara städer och samhällen
Tema
Human Rights
Etiketter
housing, human rights, informal settlements, policy dilemma, spatial inequality,