Samarbetsland: Kosovo

Hydropower and Justice in Kosovo: A qualitative case study on procedural and restorative justice in the decision-making process for small-scale hydropower projects

This thesis investigates the decision-making process that led to the rapid adoption of small-scale hydropower projects, and its social implications, in Kosovo between 2013 and 2021. However, the fairness of the decision-making process for hydropower projects has been heavily criticized by local communities and NGOs. This research links procedural justice concerns voiced by a small community in Southeast Kosovo with wider sectoral problems on a national level and thereafter explores how restorative justice can bridge gaps between policy and practice and restore social and environmental harms caused in the past.

The research is based on a document review, field observations and interviews conducted during fieldwork in March 2023 and informed by energy justice theory. Results show how procedures have lacked transparency, participation of local communities, and compliance with legislation. Furthermore, the reconciliation process is hindered due to a sense of responsibility and meaningful actions from those who have caused harm.

Typ av publikation
Master Thesis
Projektområde
Inclusive leadership and governance
Tema
Participatory democracy, citizen dialogues and budgeting

Växjö and Vushtrri, Kosovo

Växjö and Vushtrri partnership is embarking on a new project that seeks to improve accessibility to municipal services and information by effectively managing municipal archives.

The project identifies three key beneficiary groups: citizens in rural areas, ethnic minorities, and students/researchers at universities. These groups face challenges in accessing information and documents due to factors such as transportation limitations, language barriers, and lack of prioritization and digitization by the municipality.

It aims to enhance the municipality’s organisational readiness in two areas: policy implementation and community participation. For policy implementation, the project focuses on improving archive management through the implementation of new methods and learnings. It also emphasizes community participation by enhancing dialogue and communication with citizens through various channels. International visits and collaborations with civil society organizations, schools, and stakeholders are planned to facilitate peer learning and knowledge exchange.

Overall, the project aims to improve accessibility to municipal services and enhance community participation through effective archive management and strengthened partnerships.

Projektområde
Inclusive leadership and governance
Globala mål
16 - Fredliga och inkluderande samhällen17 - Genomförande och globalt partnerskap
Tema
Digitalisation and e-governanceParticipatory democracy, citizen dialogues and budgeting
Svensk partner
Växjö Kommun
Internationell partner
Komuna Vushtrri

Vectors for Change? The role of civil society in curbing corruption in a post-socialist and post-conflict setting: The case of Kosovo

This thesis analyses the role of civil society in attempting to curb corruption in a post-socialist
and post-conflict setting. The aforementioned settings have previously been studied
separately, leaving out the context of societies experiencing a double transition both from
socialism and conflict. By conducting a field study in Kosovo, the double transition is studied
by collecting primary data from 11 semi-structured interviews with members from both civil
society and actors working with civil society.

The thesis is explorative and aims to contribute to theory development where Kosovo is
considered a typical case. The theoretical framework is composed of previous studies’
expectations and new insights from the material, shaping the analytical scheme. Five
analytical themes are used to explore the mechanisms of civil society’s work: understanding
corruption, influence in curbing corruption, challenges when curbing corruption, cooperation,
and influence of the post-socialist and post-conflict setting.

The findings demonstrate that civil society is quite free in its possibilities to curb corruption
because the Kosovo government does not constrain them in this regard. Civil society can,
however, be influenced by the agenda of international donors and is at risk of being
politicized. Nevertheless, civil society faces its main challenges on the ground level, which
can limit their role in conducting effective work against corruption. One of the most
interesting findings demonstrates that civil society in Kosovo might be freer than in other
countries in the Western Balkans.

Typ av publikation
Master Thesis

Admission requirements

Invited countries

All countries on the OECD-DAC listed ODA-eligible countries, are eligible for the programme, but if a local election is held during the year when the training takes place, the country is temporarily taken off the list. See this list:
www.oecd.org/dac/financing-sustainable-development/development-finance-standards/DAC-List-of-ODA-Recipients-for-reporting-2022-23-flows.pdf


Target group

Only elected women politicians (currently in office) in a local/regional government will be considered. ICLD will prioritize applicants holding a position of Mayor or Deputy Mayor but will also exceptionally accept applicants who are Councilors. We at ICLD aim to create a group that includes both majority and opposition politicians, as well as a diversity of ages and experience. ICLD trainings are open to all that are eligible, irrespective of physical ability.

Candidates who have previously participated in an ICLD training programme financed by Sida cannot apply for this programme.


Language requirements

The training programme will be organised and conducted in English. Proficiency in English shall be indicated in the Application form.


Health requirements

Considering the training programme consists of international travels and work away from home in a new environment, good health and ability to work without health restrictions is required. You need to be enjoying full working capacity and to be able to engage in an active programme with long days of seminars, study visits and interactive networking. It is therefore recommended that candidates undergo a medical examination before filling in the Medical Statement in the Application form.


Other requirements

The outline of the problem to be addressed by the change process will be of crucial importance in the selection of participants. Once selected, the participant is required to attend all scheduled parts of the 12-months programme and must have approval to participate in all aspects of the program from her local authority. She is required to actively participate in the workshops and complete assignments between workshops (journals, reports).

Due to the nature of the programme, family members are NOT allowed to accompany participants to the programme.


Costs

All training costs pertaining to lectures, literature, documentation, study tours and certain social activities as well as accommodation and food will also be covered by the organiser. All international travel costs related to the programme will be covered by the programme organiser. Costs for personal expenses are not included and are the responsibility of the participant or her organisation.


VISA

Participants are responsible for obtaining all relevant visas during all scheduled parts of the programme. The costs for obtaining visas are to be borne by the participant.


Insurance

All participants are covered under a group insurance while on scheduled parts of the programme. Medical and dental checkups are not included.


Certificate

Participants who successfully complete all scheduled parts will be awarded a Certificate of completion of training.


Application process

Closing date for applications is 8 September 2023. Application shall be made electronically, via link here below and include a recent photograph and all required information and documents. An outline of the problem to be addressed by the change process shall be submitted as part of the application and plays a key role in the selection of participants.

The change process must be described in the application and you will be asked to describe:

  • The challenge/problem for change you want to address
  • In which way this work will anticipate citizens’ needs

The application page contains details of what to include with your application. After an initial selection, a few chosen candidates will be invited for the interview, after which the final round of selection will take place.

ICLD operates anti-discrimination policy and all training courses are open to anyone despite the physical ability. If you have some physical disability, please let us know so we can solve all the practical issues that may arise.

The activities in the programme will be carried out on-site or digitally. If the situation occurs that we are forced to postpone workshops due to unforeseen situations, we at the ICLD will suggest new dates when the majority of participants can participate. If no dates are possible, ICLD will consider carrying out the workshop digitally.



Projektområde
Inclusive leadership and governance

Programme structure

The training consists of three compulsory workshops, of which all three are full time scheduled trainings. Periods between workshops are homebased. The total duration of the programme is 12 months.

When:
The Inception workshop will be held in February 2024
The Sweden Phase workshop will take place in May-June 2024
The Final workshop will take place in February 2025

Where:
All workshops except the Swedish Phase workshop will be held in the participating countries. The Swedish Phase workshop will be carried out in Sweden.


Phase 1
Inception workshop

(5-6 days including travels)

More exact location to be decided

After confirmed selection, the participants will be contacted by a programme manager at ICLD and invited to the Inception workshop.

The participants and the programme management develop a shared understanding of the content, structure, methodology and management of the programme. Topics addressed in this workshop, among others: teambuilding and networking, developing the change process, and introduction to the Sustainable Development Goals. The tuition during the inception workshop consists of group discussions and lectures with a combination of Swedish and/or international experts from the region.

The Inception workshop will be held over the course of three days in one of the participating countries.

Work with the Change Process (3-4 months, in home country)

Back in their respective local communities the participants will continue to develop their Change Process. Participants will actively use web-based tools for interaction with facilitators and other participants.


Phase 2
Swedish Phase workshop

(2 weeks in Sweden including travels)

Participants will meet in Sweden for a cultural exchange, advanced leadership training, introduction to Swedish women politicians/mentors and a two-day study visit to a Swedish municipality or region. Topics of study will include, among others: the Swedish model of governance, suppression techniques and countermeasures, communication skills and how to be a good role model among other things. Tuition consists of interactive lectures and group discussions with Swedish and international experts combined with study excursions, group work and discussions.


Phase 3
Final workshop

(5 days including travels)

More exact location to be decided

The participants and the Swedish mentors meet in one of the participating countries. The goal of this workshop is to summarize and share the challenges, opportunities and
lessons learned throughout the programme. The participants will present their Change Process results. The programme also includes study visits and lectures provided by the ICLD and relevant lecturers. This workshop marks the formal end of the programme.


Learning processes

The programme employs a mixture of pedagogical methods such as lectures, group work, forum discussions, study visits and facilitated support by the assigned mentors. Support for planning, implementation and evaluation of the Change Project is mainstreamed throughout the whole programme. The number of participants is limited to 25 in order to ensure a close working relationship between participants, ICLD-staff, mentors and lecturers.

Management and staff

All the three phases of the International Training Programme are carried out under the support and management of the ICLD. In addition, the programme is supported by Swedish mentors being selected by the Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions (SALAR).


Projektområde
Inclusive leadership and governance

Programme objectives

The programme aims to provide the following changes in the participant: 

  • Empower the participant with improved leadership skills  
  • Help the participant to fully utilize the power and influence of her position  
  • Strengthen her as a role model to encourage political participation among marginalized groups  
  • Give her access to a network of women in similar positions

During the training, the participant will work on her change process and implement a strategy to make the local authority equitable, participatory, transparent and accountable. 


Benefits:

  • Valuable exchange of knowledge and experiences
  • Extended regional and international networks
  • Improved skills as a “change agent” in initiating and implementing instituational change
  • Skills and abilities to communicate and advocate on issues of inclusive governance
  • Two-day study-visit in a Swedish municipality or region
  • Support to improve participation, equality, transparency and accountability in the local governance

What we will offer:

  • Advanced training in communication, strategic planning and leadership
  • Swedish mentorship including an individual two-day study visit in a Swedish municipality or region
  • International exposure to different political experiences
  • An opportunity for your municipality to help achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)

How?

  • Through skills training workshops on site or digitally
  • Identification of challenges and finding solutions to issues faced by women politicians
  • By offering strategic support and coaching from ICLD staff and mentors
  • In sharing of professional obstacles and successes in an inclusive environment

Change process

The participant is expected to develop and work with a change process of her choice during the training. The change process should address a real problem of concern to the politician, thus contribute to translating the theoretical content of the training programme into capacity development and institutional change within her municipality. The change process aims to increase political accountability, helping leading politicians to better respond to the needs of the citizens. An outline of the problem to be addressed by the change process shall be submitted as part of the application, and plays a key role in the selection of participants. The change process requires strong commitment and involvement of the politician and should lead to the proposal of a solution. Keep in mind that there is NO funding available from ICLD for project implementation.


Projektområde
Inclusive leadership and governance

Programme objectives

Human Rights Based Approach

The main objective of this training programme is to strengthen the ongoing change processes that contribute to social and economic development and to strengthen the institutions in the selected municipalities and regions.

This will be achieved through participating municipalities integrating their work with human rights so that equality, participation, transparency and taking responsibility/demanding responsibility becomes a reality in the municipalities.

Participants will learn new methods for working on rights-based approach at the local level and will gain greater knowledge in gender equality, participation, transparency/anti-corruption and accountability. Varied educational methods are used within the program, but the focus is on dialogical methods and study visits. A further goal of the program is for participants to expand their national and international networks.

This training is aimed at local officials and elected politicians from Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Kosovo, Northern Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Serbia, Turkey and Ukraine. Participants are accepted in teams of 3 persons from one municipality/organization and apply with a municipal challenge that they will work with throughout the 18 months long international training programme. All parts of the training are based on equity, participation, transparency and accountability, and the goal is to strengthen democracy in the organizations taking part in the programme.

Benefits:

  • Valuable exchange of knowledge and experiences
  • Extended regional and international networks
  • Support to improve participation, equality, transparency and accountability in the local governance

Expected outcomes, the participants will:

  • be familiar with decentralized local government with a rights-based approach, with particular focus on equal opportunity, participation, transparency/ anti-corruption, and accountability.
  • be familiar with local development in a democracy from a comparative perspective.
  • have the tools necessary to support local development and local democracy with a rights-based approach.
  • be able to carry out change management work and strategic planning
  • have expanded their national and international networks within the field of local development, human rights and governance

Contents:

The Human Rights Based Approach Programme has a strong focus on those who are most marginalized, excluded or discriminated. The goal is therefore to strengthen the institutional capacity and the integration of a rights-based thinking at local level and in the municipal service.

What we will offer:

  • Training in Human Rights, Human Rights Based Approach and communication
  • Exposure to different political experiences
  • Two-day study-visit in a Swedish municipality or region
  • An opportunity for the participating municipality to help achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)
  • Citizen´s dialogue

How?

  • Through various trainings, lectures and workshops
  • Identification of challenges and finding solutions to issues faced by local team members and their organizations
  • By offering strategic support and coaching from ICLD staff and their mentors
  • In sharing of professional obstacles and successes in an inclusive environment

Change projects

Each team of participants, all from the same municipality, is expected to develop and work with a change project during the course of the training. The project constitutes the link between the theoretical knowledge that the participants will acquire during the training and the practical experience needed in the specific situations in which the various participants find themselves. The change project must be of benefit to the community of the team and a description of the project must be appended to the application. The relevance of the suggested change project is an important aspect in the assessment of the applications. Note that the change projects must be supported by participants organisations and will not be financed by the ICLD

Projektområde
Inclusive leadership and governanceLocal economic development, innovation and livelihoodsSocial care and wellbeing
Tema
Gender EqualityHuman RightsParticipatory democracy, citizen dialogues and budgeting

Programme structure

Human Rights Based Approach

The training consists of four compulsory workshops, of which all four are full time scheduled trainings. Periods between workshops are homebased. The total duration of the programme is 18 months.

When?:
The inception workshop will be held April 4 – April 8, 2022
The follow-up workshop will take place November 21– November 25, 2022.
The Sweden Phase workshop will take place March 6 – March 17, 2023
The final workshop will take place June 19 – June 22, 2023.
Where:
All workshops except the Sweden Phase workshop will be held in the participating countries. The Sweden Phase workshop will be carried out in Sweden.

Where:
All workshops except the Sweden Phase workshop will be held in the participating countries. The Sweden Phase workshop will be carried out in Sweden.


Phase 1

Inception workshop
(in one of the participating countries; 5 days inclusive travels)

More exact location to be decided.

After confirmed selection, the participants will be contacted by a programme manager at ICLD and invited to the inception workshop. The inception workshop aims to prepare the participants for the programme, while stimulating cooperation between participants, their respective teams and relevant networks. It also provides an opportunity to explore synergies between the planned Change Project outlines and scope for collaborations. Based on the Change Project outlines project design tools will be used to develop Change Project Plans. Each team will be given a mentor from their respective country who will be following the change project closely and also conducting several meetings with their teams. The tuition during the inception workshop consists of group discussions and lectures with a combination of Swedish and/or international experts from the region.

Work with the Change Project (6 months, in home country)

Back in their respective local communities the participants will continue to develop their Change Project. Participants will actively use web-based tools for interaction with facilitators and other participants. The participant will have meetings with their mentors.

Phase 2
Follow-up workshop
(in one of the participating countries, 5 days inclusive travels)

Location is still to be decided.
A follow-up workshop seminar will be arranged in one of the participating countries, for the participants to present the progress of their Change Projects. The workshop provides an opportunity for peer review and a deeper look into the Change Projects. The programme of the follow-up workshop also includes study visits and lectures provided by the ICLD and other relevant lecturers.

Continuation of the work with the Change Project (4 months, in home country)
Back in their respective local communities the participants will continue to work on their Change Project. Participants will actively use web-based tools for interaction with facilitators and other participants. The participant will have meetings with their mentors. The participants must be able to work on their change projects for a minimum of 8 hours/week during this phase.

Phase 3
Sweden Phase workshop (2 weeks)

The Swedish phase consists of a series of lectures, workshops and study visits covering the modules Citizen participation and inclusive decision-making and transparency and other themes with a bearing on human rights integration in local governing. The two weeks in Sweden give the participating teams an understanding of how Swedish local and regional administrations work to achieve such integration. During the Sweden phase, participating teams will also make study visits to Swedish municipalities.
Tuition consists of interactive lectures and group discussions with Swedish and international experts combined with study excursions, group work and discussions. Time is also allocated for review of the Change Project Plan in preparations for implementation through work in small groups led by an ICLD facilitator. Social and networking activities will be arranged to make the Swedish part of the programme a positive experience.

Continuation of the work with the Change Project (4 months, in home country)
Back in their respective local communities the participants will continue to work on their Change Project. Participants will actively use web-based tools for interaction with facilitators and other participants. The participant will have meetings with their mentors. The participants must be able to work on their change projects for a minimum of 8 hours/week during this phase.

Phase 4
Final workshop
(in one of the participating countries; 5 days inclusive travels)

Location is still to be decided.
A final workshop seminar will be arranged in one of the participating countries, for the participants to present their Change Project results. It is also an opportunity to recognize and appreciate the support from municipalities and regions and from the teams’ supervisors who are invited to participate. Certificates are awarded to the participants. This workshop will also contain further lectures on project financing and strategic communication. This workshop marks the formal end of the programme.

Learning processes

The programme employs a mixture of pedagogical methods such as lectures, group work, forum discussions, study visits and facilitated support by the assigned mentors. Support for planning, implementation and evaluation of the Change Project is mainstreamed throughout the whole programme. The number of participants is limited to 24 in order to ensure a close working relationship between participants, ICLD-staff, mentors and lecturers.

Management and staff

All four phases of the International Training Programme are carried out under the support and management of the ICLD. In addition, the programme is supported locally by professional mentors being selected by the ICLD.

Projektområde
Inclusive leadership and governance
Tema
Human Rights

Admission requirements

Human Right Based Approach

Invited countries

Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Georgia, Kosovo, North Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Serbia, Turkey and Ukraine.

Target group

This training aims to empower local and regional governments and administrations in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Moldavia, Montenegro, Serbia, Turkey and Ukraine.

The following categories are welcome to apply; politicians, decision-makers and officials from both municipal and regional councils and administrations. As well as applicants from civil society organizations that cooperate with the local or regional administration and working in the field of local development, local democracy, human rights or good governance. (See further down on how to set up a team).

Applicants must be nominated by their organization and it must also be clear that the organization supports the project with which the team intends to work during the course. To apply, you shall form a team of three members. Each team must include the following functions: 1. Politician on the local or regional level. 2 Local or Regional Government official 3. Representative from a voluntary organization (NGO or CSO). The application should clearly identify which member of the team holds which of these roles. Ensure diversity in the team regarding ethnicity, age, gender and/or ability.

Language requirements

The training programme will be organised and conducted in English. Proficiency in English shall be indicated in the Application form.

Health requirements

Considering the training programme consists of international travels and work away from home in a new environment, good health and ability to work without physical/health restrictions if required. It is therefore recommended that candidates undergo a medical examination before filling in the Medical Statement in the Application form.

Other requirements

Nominations are assessed on individual and organisational merits. Maximum 8-9 teams (3 participants each) will be selected to the programme, teams should take into account that the participants bring diversity to the group through their various backgrounds and professional qualifications.

The programme welcomes applications from teams from the same municipality/city/region consisting of one local government official, one elected politician and one representative of a civil society organization.

The outline of the change project, together with the commitment of the home organisation to support active involvement of the participant in the implementation of the project will be of crucial importance in the selection of participants. Once selected, the participants are required to attend all scheduled parts of the programme and a Letter of Commitment is to be signed by the nominating organisation before the start of the programme. Due to the nature of the programme, family members are not allowed to accompany participants to the programme.

Costs

All training costs pertaining to lectures, literature, documentation, study tours and certain social activities as well as accommodation and food will also be covered by the organiser. All international travel costs related to the programme will be covered by the programme organiser. Costs for personal expenses are not included and are the responsibility of the participant or his/her organisation.

VISA

Participants are responsible for obtaining all relevant visas during all scheduled parts of the programme. The costs for obtaining visas are to be borne by the participant.

Insurance

All participants are covered under a group insurance while on scheduled parts of the programme. Medical and dental checkups are not included.

Certificate

Participants who successfully complete all scheduled parts will be awarded a Certificate of completion of training.

Application process

Closing date for applications is November 30, 2021. Please not that the application form states the previous closing date. Application shall be made electronically, via the registration link and it should include a recent photograph, all required information and documents, and an outline of the Change Project aiming at improving the delivery of critical services in an equitable and inclusive way. The change projects must be described in the application and include the following at a minimum:

  • Title of the Change Project
  • Manager/organizational support for change project
  • Background and focal problem
  • Change Project goal

The application page contains details of what to include with your application. After an initial selection, the chosen teams will be invited for an interview, after which the final round of selection will take place.

ICLD operates anti-discrimination policy and all training courses are open to anyone despite the physical ability. If you have some physical disability, please let us know so we can solve all the practical issues that may arise.

The activities in the programme will be carried out on-site or digitally. If the situation occurs that we are forced to postpone workshops due to unforeseen situations, we (at the ICLD) will suggest new dates when many participants can participate. If no dates are possible, ICLD will consider carrying out the workshop digitally.

Projektområde
Inclusive leadership and governanceSocial care and wellbeing
Tema
Child rights and youth participationHuman RightsParticipatory democracy, citizen dialogues and budgeting

Växjö and Vushtrri, Kosovo

Project: Sustainability education in preschool/primary school

The purpose of the three-year project (2019-2021) is to strengthen the organizational capacity of the municipalities to educate preschool/primary school students in Vushtrri and Växjö about the environment and sustainability.

For Växjö, it entails developing working methods and cross-border cooperation, both locally and globally. For Vushtrri’s part, it is about introducing a new subject in preschools/ primary schools.

The project aims at improving the municipalities’ capacity and learning through collegial exchanges as well as mapping of environmental and sustainability-related methods that will be integrated into each municipality. The project builds on the previously executed MIS-project which focused on environmental education in school for students age 10-15. The proposed project aims to build on the lessons learned from that project, but by further deepening the cooperation, and involving school management and politicians to give the project a long-term perspective.

The project will involve a total of 12 participants from both municipalities. The project will highlight methodology, materials and working methods linked to the focus area, and involve external experts. The methodology will be tested among teachers and 500 preschool students. Finally, the project is linked to the goals in Agenda 2030, goal 4, which stipulates a good education for all.

Projektområde
Education
Globala mål
4 - God utbildning för alla
Svensk partner
Växjö Kommun
Internationell partner
Komuna Vushtrri